Himalayan tree pics:
List of trees found in Himalayan region: Himalayan mountains are one of the youngest mountains in the world. There are varieties of wild life species thriving in the whole region of Himalayan mountains.
The trees and the plant species are very crucial for many reasons like oxygen; preserving soil and retaining water, and maintaining ecological balance in the region.
The Himalayan vegetation normally starts from an altitude of 1500 mtr. up to 4000 mtr. After the altitude of 4000 mtr., the vegetation starts vanishing due to heavy snowfall which leads to the damage to all types of plantation. After high altitude above 4000 mtr., it is normally not common to see any type of big plants.
Read: Himalayan wild animals
The Himalaya is blessed with much variety of wildlife species. The conifer species are spread across a big part in varying altitude. The examples are cedar, blue pine and spruce etc. The upper coniferous belts have their unique oak characteristic which provides acorns to rodents and birds.
White oak: The Pinus roxburghii and the blue pine
Green oak: the Fir and the Spruce
Brown oak: This consists mainly the pure community at the tree line.
|Tree species||Altitude (m)||Tree height in feet (average)||Uses and applications|
|Alder||1,500 – 2,000||100 – 110||As firewood and preparing charcoal|
|Birch / Bhoj patra||3,000 – 4,000||60 – 70||To write scripts in ancient India before introduction of paper in 16th century|
|Boxwood / Shamshad||2,500 – 3,000||03-08||Leaves and extracted oil used for herbal treatment|
|Deodar / Cedar||2,000 – 3,000||131 – 164||Used as building material; used to store meat, foodgrains like oats in cold regions, because of its antifungal and insect repellent properties|
|Dogwood||1,800 – 2,800||15 – 25||Jam production, wine fermentation, loom shuttles, tool handles, roller skates, walking canes|
|Hazelnut / Bhuti badam||2,500 – 3,200||15 – 40||Dietary source of protein and minerals, Vitamin E, unsaturated fatty acid, and linolenic acid; used in cosmetic industry and confectionary.|
|Himalayan high altitude fir||3,000 – 4,000||33 – 262||Used for indoor drywall on framing, manufacturing of plywood and rough timber.|
|Holly / Kaluchha||2,000 – 2,800||90 – 100||Used by some cultures to make daily tea.|
|Horse chestnut /khnor||1,800 – 3,000||90 – 100||Used for medicinal purpose like eczema, menstrual pain, cough, soft tissue swelling due to sprain or bone fracture etc|
|Maple||2,200 – 3,000||33 – 148||Used to prepare charcoal, furniture, musical instrument, syrup|
|Maple||2,500 – 3,200||33 – 148||Used to prepare charcoal, furniture, musical instrument, syrup|
|Pencil Cedar||1,800 – 3,000||110 – 115||Quality furniture, cabinet work, ngineering wood products, flooring, plywood and panels|
|Silver fir / Tosh||2,500 – 3,200||98 – 148||The extracted oil can be used in perfumes, bath products, and aerosol inhalants; used to manufacture furniture, plywood, pulpwood and paper|
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