Himalayan tree pics:

List of trees found in Himalayan region: Himalayan mountains  are one of the youngest mountains in the world. There are varieties of wild life species thriving in the whole region of Himalayan mountains. 

The trees and the plant species  are very crucial for many reasons like oxygen; preserving soil and  retaining water, and maintaining ecological balance in the region.

The Himalayan vegetation normally starts from an altitude of 1500 mtr. up to 4000 mtr. After the altitude of 4000 mtr., the vegetation starts vanishing due to heavy snowfall which leads to the damage to all types of plantation. After high altitude above 4000 mtr., it is normally not common to see any type of big plants. 

Read: Himalayan wild animals

The Himalaya is blessed with much variety of wildlife species. The conifer species are spread across a big part in varying altitude. The examples are cedar, blue pine and spruce etc. The upper coniferous belts have their unique oak characteristic which provides acorns to rodents and birds.

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Read:Trekking in Himalayas

White oak: The Pinus roxburghii and the blue pine

Green oak: the Fir and the Spruce

Brown oak: This consists mainly the pure community at the tree line.

Read: Man made wonders of the world

 

Tree species Altitude (m) Tree height in feet (average) Uses and applications
Alder 1,500 – 2,000 100 – 110  As firewood and preparing charcoal
Birch / Bhoj patra 3,000 – 4,000 60 – 70 To write scripts in ancient India before introduction of paper in 16th century
Boxwood / Shamshad 2,500 – 3,000 03-08 Leaves and extracted oil used for herbal treatment
Deodar / Cedar 2,000 – 3,000 131 – 164 Used as building material; used to store meat, foodgrains like oats in cold regions, because of its antifungal and insect repellent properties
Dogwood 1,800 – 2,800 15 – 25 Jam production, wine fermentation, loom shuttles, tool handles, roller skates, walking canes
Hazelnut / Bhuti badam 2,500 – 3,200 15 – 40 Dietary source of protein and minerals, Vitamin E, unsaturated fatty acid, and linolenic acid; used in cosmetic industry and confectionary.
Himalayan high altitude fir 3,000 – 4,000 33 – 262 Used for indoor drywall on framing, manufacturing of plywood and rough timber.
Holly / Kaluchha 2,000 – 2,800 90 – 100 Used by some cultures to make daily tea.
Horse chestnut /khnor 1,800 – 3,000 90 – 100 Used for medicinal purpose like eczema, menstrual pain, cough, soft tissue swelling due to sprain or bone fracture etc
Maple 2,200 – 3,000 33 – 148 Used to prepare charcoal, furniture, musical instrument, syrup
Maple 2,500 – 3,200 33 – 148 Used to prepare charcoal, furniture, musical instrument, syrup
Pencil Cedar 1,800 – 3,000 110 – 115 Quality furniture, cabinet work, ngineering wood products, flooring, plywood and panels
Silver fir / Tosh 2,500 – 3,200 98 – 148 The extracted oil can be used in perfumes, bath products, and aerosol inhalants; used to manufacture furniture, plywood, pulpwood and paper

 

 

The top natural wonders of the world:

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